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Ravana Falls (Ella)

Ella is located in the Uva Province in a temperate zone about 220 km from Colombo.

If you board a bus from Pettah Pannaradhana Bus Stand No. 99, Colombo to Badulla, you will be charged Rs. It takes about 300 to 500 rupees to reach Bandarawela town first and it takes approximately 4 to 5 hours. You will then be able to reach Rawana Falls after a journey of approximately half an hour on a bus from No. 31, Bandarawela to Matara or Galle.

Apart from that, if you come in your own private vehicle, you can travel from Colombo to Bandarawela via Ratnapura and from there to Ravana Ella via Ella town. The total distance of the trip is approximately 235 km and it takes between 5 and 6 hours.

When viewed from the bottom of the waterfall, it is clear that two peaks come in the middle and flow down to the secondary waterfall, forming three layers of stagnant water and pagoda. From there, the height of the Ravana Falls, which flows over the fourth layer of rock and searches for Kirindi Oya, is estimated to be 25 meters (82 feet).

The rock on the left of the waterfall has a total inclination of 70 to 90 degrees, the first half of the rock on the right has an inclination of 30 to 50 degrees and the last half has an inclination of 60 to 80 degrees. Due to the high humidity around the waterfall, there is a dense forest on both rocks and a narrow path runs parallel to the waterfall along the rock to the right until the beginning of its third layer of rock.

Apart from the southwest monsoon rains that fall during the period from May to September of the year, only the inter-monsoon rains that fall during the period from October to November develop in the Ravana Falls. However, due to the dry weather that occurs almost every year in the months of January, February and March, the water level in Ravana Falls is constantly at a minimum. This period is also a great opportunity for climbers and history buffs by nature. This is due to the fact that apart from the Panjaradhana body of water, it is possible to walk directly from the fourth layer of terrestrial rock layer to the second layer of rock of Ravana Falls, which is confined to a single stream on the rocky plateau on either side. From there, the second layer of rock is largely wet due to the scattering of water droplets directly above it. At the end of the third layer of rock is a cave in the rock to the right of the falls. More than 8 feet high and nearly 14 feet wide, the mouth of the cave is invisible from the bottom of the waterfall.

The legend of Ravana Falls unfolds from here. The cave and this waterfall meet a hidden love story in the history of Ceylon.

About 7500 years ago, during the reign of the Konagama Buddha, a demon king named Ravana ruled the world with Sri Lanka as his capital. There is an opinion that King Ravana may have got the fruits of the path due to the meditations done while practicing yoga. His dictatorship was overthrown after a battle against King Rawana with the support of many gods, including Prince Rama Indra, who was born in the Ayodhya region of northern India.

King Ravana abducts Princess Sita, the wife of Prince Rama, in revenge for the abuse of his sisters by Prince Rama and his nephew Lakshmana. King Rawana, who later turned stone caves in various parts of Cyril into stone houses by stone carpenters, hid Princess Sita in them amidst many luxuries.

It is believed that Princess Sita may have been hiding in this cave at the top of Ravana Falls.

Other endemic and non-endemic mammal species, including the clawed hippopotamus, jungle hippopotamus, rhinoceros, goldfish (endemic to Sri Lanka)

Other endemic and non-endemic bird species include the Whale Rooster, the Pompadore Batagoya, the Gira Malitha, the Ash Crow, the Blood Carrier, and the Red-faced Kottoruwa (endemic to Sri Lanka).

Nearly 140 other endemic and non-endemic butterfly species including Bird wing, Tree nymph, Tamil bush brown, Jewel four ring and Black flat (endemic to Sri Lanka).

Other endemic and non-endemic reptile species including cobra lizards, robe lizards, and pinum lizards (endemic to Sri Lanka) also live in the vicinity of Ravana Falls.

Ravana Falls, which has a very high historical value, has now become a haven for local and foreign tourists. As a result, the area around the waterfall has already become a burial ground for indestructible materials. Even though the lives of more than 35 people are now hidden in the great body of water of Ravana Falls, if we love the environment and work for its survival, we will surely save the blessings of Mother Nature.

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